Angela Merkel propone un mercato comune tra Usa e Unione europea.
Il 2 gennaio 2007, alla vigilia del suo viaggio negli Usa in qualità di presidente di turno dell'Unione europea, il cancelliere tedesco Angela Merkel ha lanciato un proposta di integrazione economia tra Stati Uniti e Unione europea.
Una battuta:« I nostri sistemi economici sono basati sugli stessi valori, dobbiamo fare attenzione a non allontanarci, ma al contrario avvicinarci perché ci sono evidenti vantaggi per ambo le parti. Una maggiore armonia fra le 27 Nazioni dell'Ue e gli Stati Uniti aumenterebbe il volume degli scambi e degli investimenti. In Europa abbiamo accumulato una certa esperienza in fatto di mercato unico che potremmo applicare a livello transatlantico. Con l'aumento della globalizzazione, questa potrebbe essere una buona base per una cooperazione».Ecco parte dell'intervista del Financial Times, mentre QUI la trascrizione completa dell'intervista.
TRANSATLANTIC ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP
FT: Chancellor, you talk of seeking a new transatlantic partnership with the US during the German presidency of the EU and G8. How do you plan to improve the transatlantic relationship?
Ms Merkel: At the forthcoming EU-US summit we want to talk about ever-closer economic co-operation. Our economic systems are based on the same values. The EU and the US have sophisticated patent legislation. We have regulatory mechanisms governing our financial markets. We should be looking for ways to keep developing these together at a transatlantic level. We must watch out that we do not drift apart, but instead come closer together, where there are clear advantages for both sides.
For example, it causes unnecessary friction for patent rules in the US to be structured differently from those in the EU. I think our economies can save a lot of money and effort, in stock market share offerings, for instance, or in setting technical standards. We face the same tough competition from Asian markets, and from Latin America in the future. We must join forces and co-operate, for instance in the fight for better intellectual property protection in the global market.
FT: Matthias Wissmann, your fellow member of the Christian Democratic Union, has called for the creation of a transatlantic single market by 2015. Is this your target too?
Ms Merkel: I do not want to mention a specific date. But we have accumulated a certain expertise about single markets in Europe, which we can apply on the transatlantic level. With increasing globalisation, this can be a good basis for transatlantic co-operation. In the EU, we have also learnt how to combine the Anglo-Saxon and continental European legal systems, which are very different from one another. This is why I think transatlantic co-operation will in fact be more straightforward in many areas than might appear at first glance.
FT: Won’t countries such as China and Japan see this as a being a hostile, protectionist area?
Ms Merkel: No, this partnership is not directed against anyone. Building bulkheads against Asia would be quite senseless, and certainly not in our interest. But no one can stop us from combining our efforts. Of course, if this works, it will make us stronger competitors. But this is certainly not about restricting trade in any way. We want to keep talking in the framework of the Doha round, at the level of the World Trade Organisation. We will all have to make concessions there.
FT: Are you also discussing new rules for hedge funds with the US?
Ms Merkel: I have the feeling that the US and Great Britain are watching the development of the hedge fund sector very closely, as we are. Nobody is talking about abolishing these instruments. But we must react to the growing importance of these funds internationally, and to the fact that they are far less transparent than other capital market instruments. This is something we must talk about. The result does not have to be new legislation. It can be self-regulation or improved supervision. But I think it is right to talk about this in the framework of our G8 presidency because it is not something that can be addressed at the national level.